EU fishing fleets total about 6 million tonnes of fish per year, of which about 700,000 tonnes come from British waters.  In 2014, the UK accounted for 752,000 tonnes of total EU catches, the second largest total of EU catches.  This proportion is determined by the 1964 London Convention on Fisheries and the EU`s Common Fisheries Policy. Fishing agreements between the European Union (EU) and third countries have often proved controversial. This article examines the origin and importance of key agreements for all parties. Since their revision in 2004, such agreements have failed to achieve their stated objective of improving the management of fisheries resources – they have indeed contributed to the degradation of fisheries. We will study the impact of agreements in States Parties and show the gap between stated intentions and actual results. There are now more than 160 producer organisations (POs) in the EU. These are voluntary organizations created by fishermen or fish farmers to support the sale of their product. Its members must include a minimum percentage of vessels in this sector, must not discriminate with regard to the nationality or location of their members in the EU and comply with other EU rules. Organizations are required to develop plans to adapt fish catches to market demand. They may require non-members who fish in the same areas to meet the same restrictions as members.
According to the Office for National Statistics, the uk economy`s fishing was $784 million in 2018. By comparison, the financial services sector was worth $132 billion. Although fishing can be managed by reducing the size of the fleet, the available fish are too strong from year to year to make it useful. As a result, an authorization system has been put in place to tell where and when boats can fish. Scientific studies have been commissioned to better determine available stocks and manage the allocation of authorizations. after properly consulting with the other party`s vessels, in accordance with the objective of achieving a mutually satisfactory balance in their mutual fishing relationships and the conditions set out in the annex. When setting catch allocations under Article 2, paragraph 1, point b), of the agreement, the parties aim to achieve a satisfactory balance for both parties in their mutual fishing relations. Subject to conservation requirements, a satisfactory balance for both parties should be based on Norwegian fishing in the Community Fisheries Jurisdiction Area in recent years. The contracting parties acknowledge that this objective will require a corresponding change in EU fishing activities in Norwegian waters. The EU budget for fisheries agreements has increased from 5 million euros in 1981 to 163 million euros in 1990 to reach 300 million euros in 1997, before increasing to around 200 million euros in 2009. Fishing fees for shipowners account for an average of 20% of the agreement revenues for third countries, a percentage that is expected to increase in the future. Around 700 EU vessels have temporary or permanent licences for the exclusive economic zones (EEZs) of the signatory partner countries.
An additional 1,700 vessels are deployed under reciprocal “north” agreements for the North Sea and North Atlantic, out of a total of 80,000 EU vessels (EU 2008). EU tuna fishers have annual catches of around 400,000 tonnes, of which almost 80% (320,000 tonnes) are caught in waters adjacent to partner countries` EEZs. Tuna schools migrate long distances and cross several national EEZs; The 11 tuna agreements currently in force allow EU vessels to cross borders to obtain stocks across the Indian and Pacific Oceans (Figure 1). The “mixed agreements” do the opposite: they aim to deploy EU trawlers – a large part of their long-distance fleet – along the continental shelf within the EEZ of partner countries, thus providing access to a wide range of fish stocks.