South Sudan Comprehensive Peace Agreement 2015

The oil revenue dispute continued until 2006. For 2005, the South estimated production to be as high as 450,000 barrels per day, while the North claimed that production was 330,000 barrels per day. The South received $544 million in oil revenues, which the southern authorities consider insufficient.1 Nevertheless, oil revenues increased for the remainder of 2006. South Sudan`s total oil revenues were US$865 million in September 2006, an increase of $73.5 million in October 2006 (2). With the referendum that approved secession, all cpa verification and monitoring regulations became obsolete. UNMIS`s mandate also ended on 9 July 2011, when South Sudan became an independent state. 10.3. The hostile propaganda in Section 10.1.7 is fully monitored by the CJMC as part of the ceasefire monitoring process; In addition, the CPA`s refugee provisions have become obsolete, with South Sudan becoming the independent state of South Sudan. Given the long history of the failure of negotiations between the ASC and SPLM/A, the signing of the CPA in January 2005 was welcomed by the governments of the North, The South and foreign countries. The CPA established an interim constitution for Sudan, which established the division of power between the ASC and SPLM/A at the national level, which provided for a semi-autonomous regional government in the South led by SPLM/A, developed an oil revenue-sharing formula and called on the state to hold a referendum on self-determination in the South in 2011.

The CPA signatories and international interlocutors who facilitated the agreement saw the period leading up to the referendum as an opportunity for the ruling ASC to launch democratic reforms, demonstrating the benefits of Sudanese unity and encouraging South Sudanese to vote against South Sudan`s independence in 2011. According to media reports, some 330,000 refugees have returned from exile, most with unhcr assistance.1 It has also been reported that the government of South Sudan is planning to bring back 1.5 million people to the south who had fled north during the long civil war2. Much of the attention paid to issues related to internally displaced persons shifted after the return of countries from the South who had gone to the North to escape the conflict. Beginning in November 2010, abyei began to repatriate internally displaced persons (IDPs) from Khartoum to South Sudan by air, in collaboration with the Repettion Task Force set up by the South Sudan Referendum Commission.211 In fact, Abyei received the first group of 1,200 internally displaced persons in Sudan, 2 More than 28,000 internally displaced persons had returned from north to South Sudan until 15 December 2010.